Capital of Alberta - Edmonton ( METROPOLITAN POPULATION 1.1 MILLION )
Area of Alberta - 661,185 sq. km (255,303 sq. miles);
Alberta is the fourth largest province.
Coordinates - Between 49 and 60 degrees north latitude
and between 110 and 120 degrees west longitude.
Width & Length - North to South - 1,223 km (764
mi.), East to West - 660km (412 mi.).
Terrain - Land accounts for 97% of the area with the
remainder made up of numerous lakes, rivers and streams. The general
geographical areas are prairies, parkland (mixed forests and plains),
forests and mountain regions.
Highest Mountain in Alberta - Mt. Columbia 3,747 m
Lowest Point in Alberta - Where the Salt River enters
the Northwest Territories in northeast Alberta 183m (600feet)
Climate - The province is characterized by low humidity
and considerable contrasts between areas and seasons. Average temperatures
range from 15C to 23C (60F to 73F) in July and -8C to -25C (18F to -13F)
in January. Alberta receives more days of sunshine than any other province
Population of Alberta - 3,700,000 (2010 population).
About 11% of Canada’s population resides in Alberta. (Population
of Canada - 33,007,094)
Alberta Resources/Industries - Alberta's major industries
are energy, business and commercial services, transportation and utilities,
finance and real estate, retail and wholesale trade, and manufacturing.
Over the past decade, the economy has experienced rapid growth in such
industries as petrochemicals, forest products, food processing, machinery,
electronics and telecommunications, tourism, and business services.
Tourism generates over $4 billion in revenues each year.
New Official Grass Emblem for Alberta
Alberta is celebrating the addition of a new provincial emblem -
Rough Fescue grass.
The addition of this new emblem was coordinated by the Prairie Conservation
Forum. The Forum consulted a range of Alberta scientists and resource
managers to identify five candidate grasses for Albertans to vote
on through a mail-in or online ballot. Rough fescue (Festuca scabrella)
was the winner selected by Albertans, with the other choices being:
blue grama grass, green needle grass, june grass, and western wheat
Provincial Flower - Wild Rose, rosa acicularis. The wild rose was
chosen in the Floral Emblem Act of 1930.
Provincial Flag - Under the Flag Act (passed at the 1968 Session
of the Alberta Legislature) a blue flag, with the Coat of Arms of
the Province in the centre, was appointed and declared as the Flag
Provincial Coat of Arms - On May 30, 1907, a Royal Warrant assigned
the Coat of Arms of the Province of Alberta. Topped by a red St.
George's Cross on a white background, the Coat of Arms features
blue in back of a range of snow covered mountains with green hills,
a prairie and a field of wheat in front. On July 30, 1980, the arms
had a Crest, Motto and Supporters added by Royal Warrant. The Crest
has a Royal Crown on top of a beaver sitting on a helmet with a
silver and red wreath.
Motto FORTIS ET LIBER (Strong
to be borne and used together with Arms of the Province upon
seals, shields, banners, flags, or otherwise according to the Laws of
Supporters: Gold lion (symbol of power) and pronghorn antelope (symbol
of natural riches). The compartment (base of the Coat of Arms) is a
grassy mount with wild roses.
Alberta Tartan - The colours of the Alberta Tartan represent the green
of its forests, the gold of its wheat fields, the blue of its clean
skies and sparkling lakes, the pink of its wild rose, and the black
of its coal and petroleum.
Provincial Bird - Great Horned Owl,
Provincial Mammal - Rocky Mountain Big Horned Sheep
Provincial Fish - Bull Trout, salvelinus confluentus
Tree - Lodgepole Pine, pinus contorta variety latifolia
Provincial Stone - Petrified Wood
Provincial Colours - Blue and Gold (deep
More About Alberta
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